Birth Defects: Causes, Types, and Prevention

Birth Defects: Causes, Types, and Prevention

What are birth defects?

A birth defect is a problem or problem that develops in a baby while they are growing in their mother’s womb. There are many different types of birth defects, some of which are minor while others are severe. Some birth defects impact your baby’s mental and physical development while others may cause disruptions within the functionality of their organs. Some birth defects might not require any kind of treatment while others may need long-term treatment.

What are the causes of birth defects?

There are many different factors that play a role in causing a birth defect. Some of which are:

Genes: If the mother or father has some kind of abnormality there is a very high chance that they will pass it on to their baby. These kinds of birth defects cannot be prevented.
Infections or illnesses: If a mother is suffering from chronic conditions like diabetes, heart problems or obesity there is a very high chance that the baby developing in her womb might have a birth defect. Women suffering from these conditions must consult a Gynecologist in Lahore when they plan to conceive.
Exposure to radiation or harmful drugs: If a mother gets exposed to unhealthy amounts of radiation or uses harmful drugs during pregnancy it can cause a birth defect in her baby.
Mother’s unhealthy lifestyle: If a pregnant woman smokes and drinks alcohol throughout her pregnancy her baby might develop a birth defect.
Dandy walker malfunction (The condition causes developmental delays, larger head circumference, and problems in balancing)

In some cases of birth defects, the causes are unknown which means that no tests or scans are able to rule out the cause behind the baby’s birth defect.

What are the most common birth defects?

According to a recent study approximately 2-3% babies are born with a birth defect. Some common birth defects are:

Cleft palate (It occurs when the tissue that forms the roof of your mouth doesn’t join together)
Genes: If the mother or father has some kind of abnormality there is a very high chance that they will pass it on to their baby. These kinds of birth defects cannot be prevented.
Genes: If the mother or father has some kind of abnormality there is a very high chance that they will pass it on to their baby. These kinds of birth defects cannot be prevented.

Cleft lip (It is an opening or slit in the upper or lower lip and occurs when the tissu
Genes: If the mother or father has some kind of abnormality there is a very high chance that they will pass it on to their baby. These kinds of birth defects cannot be prevented.
Defects within the heart
Cystic fibrosis (It is an inherited disease that causes the baby’s body to produce thick mucus which creates problems within baby’s lungs and other organs)
Spina bifida (A condition where the spinal cord of the baby is underdevelop)
Clubfoot (It is a term use to define any congenital problems present in the foot of the baby)
Dandy walker malfunction (The condition causes developmental delays, larger head circumference, and problems in balancing)
Cystic fibrosis (It is an inherited disease which causes the baby’s body to produce thick mucus which creates problems within baby’s lungs and other organs)
Sickle cell disease (The disease causes the baby’s red blood cells to become hard and sticky which makes it difficult for the cells to transport oxygen throughout the body)

Down syndrome

Down syndrome (People with down syndrome suffer from developmental problems. The condition also impacts their appearance)
Cystic fibrosis (It is an inherited disease. That causes the baby’s body to produce thick mucus which creates problems within baby’s lungs and other organs)
Limb defects (Any congenital problems within a baby’s limbs are regard as limb defects)
Dandy walker malfunction (The condition causes developmental delays, larger head circumference, and problems in balancing)
Duodenal atresia (It causes swelling on the abdomen, continuous vomiting, and zero bowel movements)

What can you do to prevent birth defects?

Most birth defects can’t be prevent but some of them can be.

Dandy walker malfunction (The condition causes developmental delays, larger head circumference, and problems in balancing)

.This is what an expectant mother should do to lower her chances of giving birth to a baby with defects:

Never skip an appointment with a Gynecologist in Karachi. Routine checkups are extremely important to keep an eye on a baby’s development.
Take folic acid and other prenatal vitamins religiously.
Take any kind of medication with caution because some medications are not safe for your baby.
Stay away from smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol throughout the pregnancy period.

 

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